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Great Seahorse Migration

Great Seahorse Migration:

A study indicated that extensive fishing off the Coromandel coast could be forcing the great seahorse to migrate towards Odisha.

  • Sea horses are tiny fish that are named for the shape of their head, which looks like the head of a tiny horse. They are classified as fish, in the genus Hippocampus.
  • There are 46 species of seahorses reported worldwide. The coastal ecosystems of India house 9 out of 12 species found in the Indo-Pacific.
  • They are found in shallow coastal waters in latitudes from about 52° N to 45°S.
  • Seahorse populations in India are distributed across diverse ecosystems such as seagrass, mangroves, macroalgal beds, and coral reefs.
  • These 9 species are distributed along the coasts of eight States and five Union Territories from Gujarat to Odisha, apart from Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN status-Vulnerable
    • CITES: Appendix II