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India Celebrates Constitution Day

India Celebrates Constitution Day:

India celebrates Constitution Day, or Samvidhan Divas, on November 26.

  • Constitution Day also known as Samvidhan Divas or National Law Day, is celebrated in India on November 26th each year.
  • This day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India on November 26, 1949. The Constitution came into force on January 26, 1950.
  • In 2015, the government decided to celebrate this day to promote constitutional values among citizens.
  • The Constituent Assembly (CA) was set up in 1946 under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.
  • The Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946, and elected Dr. Sachhidanand Sinha, the oldest member of the Assembly, as the Provisional President.
  • On December 11, 1946, the Assembly elected Rajendra Prasad as its permanent Chairman.
  • The Constituent Assembly took 3 years (1946-49) to complete the drafting.
  • The Constituent Assembly had 299 elected members from provincial legislative assemblies.
  • The Constituent Assembly had 13 committees, including the drafting committee headed by B.R. Ambedkar.
  • The Constitution was adopted in 1949 when 284 members signed it, marking the completion of the Constitution-making process.