India Has Added Five More Ramsar Sites

India Has Added Five More Ramsar Sites:

India has added five more Ramsar sites, or wetlands of international importance, bringing the number of such sites to 54.

New Ramsar Sites:

Karikili Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu):

  • The sanctuary is spread over a five-kilometre-wide belt and is home to cormorants, egrets, grey heron, open-billed stork, darter, spoonbill, white lbnis, night herons, grebes, grey pelican among others.

Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest (Tamil Nadu):

  • One of the last remaining natural wetlands, the marsh drains in an area of 250 square kilometres encompassing 65 wetlands.
  • The Pallikaranai Marsh is one of the few natural coastal aquatic habitats that qualify as a wetland in India.

Pichavaram Mangrove (Tamil Nadu):

  • One of the last mangrove forests in the country.
  • It has an island of a vast expanse of water covered with mangrove forests.

Sakhya Sagar (Madhya Pradesh):

  • Created from the Manier river in 1918, Sakhya Sagar is located near Madhav National Park.

Pala Wetland in Mizoram (Mizoram):

  • It is home to a wide range of animals, birds, and reptiles.
  • Its geographical location falls under the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot and is therefore rich in animal and plant species.
  • The lake is a major component of the Palak Wildlife Sanctuary and it supports the major biodiversity of the sanctuary.

Ramsar site :

  • It is a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, which is also known as the ‘Convention on Wetlands’ — an intergovernmental environmental treaty established by UNESCO in 1971, and named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed that year.
  • Ramsar recognition is the identification of wetlands around the world, which are of international importance, especially if they provide habitat to waterfowl (about 180 species of birds).
  • There is international interest and cooperation in the conservation of such wetlands and a judicious use of their resources.
  • Sundarbans in West Bengal is the largest Ramsar site in India.

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