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International Labour Day 2021

International Labour Day:

International Labour Day is being celebrated across the world on May 1.

  • International Labour Day/international Workers Day is often referred to as May Day.
  • The day is celebrated to honour the contribution of working men and women and to pay tribute to workers sacrifices in achieving economic and social rights all over the world.
  • It is observed on May Day (1st May), an ancient European spring festival.
  • The date was chosen by a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886.
  • In India, the first Labour day or May Day was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai.

Haymarket affair:

  • During industrialization at the beginning of the 19th Century, the industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day.
  • The workers at Haymarket affair, in Chicago, rose against this exploitation and demanded paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workforce.
  • The day marks the victory of the workers’ movement for eight hours of work.