Jayanti : Species Of Cricket:
Jayanti has become the twelfth subgenus, or species, of cricket identified under the genus Arachnomimus Saussure, 1897.
- Found in the Kurra caves of Chhattisgarh in April 2021, the new subgenus was named Jayanti after Professor Jayant Biswas, one of the leading cave explorers in the country.
- Arachnomimus is the genus name given by Swiss Entomologist Henri Louis Frédéric de Saussure in 1878 to crickets that resembled spiders.
- This is apt because crickets of this group are commonly called spider crickets because of their smaller body size and long legs.
- The newly discovered subgenus, Indimimus, is different from the two subgenera, Arachnomimus and Euarachnomimus, because of the male genitalia structure.
- Crickets are noticeable for their loud calls, especially at night.
- Male crickets produce this sound by rubbing their wings against each other to attract females.
- The females listen to these calls using ears located on their legs and approach the males for mating and reproduction.
- Interestingly, males of the new Jayanti subgenus cannot produce sound and their females don’t have ears.
- The crickets were found on the walls of the Kurra caves which don’t have light inside.
- They may be communicating by beating their abdomen or any other body part on the cave walls.