Maharana Partap Birth Anniversary: 9th May:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to Maharana Partap on his birth anniversary.
- Pratap Singh popularly known as Maharana Pratap was a king of Mewar, a region in the present-day state of Rajasthan.
- He was the eldest son of Udai Singh II (founder of city of Udaipur).
- Battle of Haldighati: It was fought on 18 June 1576 between the forces Maharana Pratap; and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s forces, led by Man Singh I of Amber. The Mughals were the victors but failed to capture Pratap, who escaped.
- Mughal pressure on Mewar relaxed after 1579 following rebellions in Bengal and Bihar. Taking advantage of the situation, Pratap recovered Western Mewar including Kumbhalgarh, Udaipur and Gogunda. During this period, he also built a new capital, Chavand, near modern Dungarpur.
- Chetak is the name given in traditional literature to the horse ridden by Maharana Pratap at the Battle of Haldighati.
- However, some Historians debate it.
- According to tradition, Chetak, although wounded, carried Pratap safely away from the battle, but then died of his wounds.
- The story is recounted in court poems of Mewar from the 17th century onwards.
- Pratap Gaurav Kendra: It is a tourist spot at Tiger Hill in Udaipur city, Rajasthan.
- It aims at providing information about Maharana Pratap and the historical heritage of the area with the help of modern technology.