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Mangrove Plantation in Odisha

What are Mangroves?

The Odisha government has proposed to raise mangrove and casuarinas plantations in the coastal belt.

  • Previously, the mangroves served as a natural barrier to cyclonic winds in Bhitarkanika National Park during Cyclone Yaas.
  • Odisha is vulnerable to various natural disasters like cyclones, floods, hailstorms, drought due to its unique geo-climatic condition.
  • Mangroves occur worldwide in the tropics and subtropics, mainly between latitudes 30° N and 30° S, with the greatest mangrove area with 5° of the equator.
  • A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
  • Mangroves are salt-tolerant trees, also called halophytes, and are adapted to live in harsh coastal conditions.
  • They contain a complex salt filtration system and complex root system to cope with saltwater immersion and wave action.
  • They have blind roots which are called These roots help these trees to respire in anaerobic soils.
  • The seeds of Mangrove Forests trees germinate in the trees themselves before falling – This is called the Viviparity mode of reproduction.