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National Conference On Agriculture For Zaid Campaign-2023

National Conference On Agriculture For Zaid Campaign-2023:

Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister chaired the National Conference on Agriculture for Zaid (Summer) Campaign-2023 in New Delhi.

  • The objective of the Zaid conference is to review and assess the crop performance during the preceding crop seasons and fix crop-wise targets for the summer season in consultation with State Governments.
  • Zaid or summer crops are grown in the short season between Kharif and Rabi crops, between March and July.
  • These crops are mostly grown on irrigated lands and therefore, the farmers do not wait for the monsoon.
  • Zaid crops require warm soil and high temperatures (cooling at night) to grow.
  • They require warm, dry weather as a vital growth period and longer day length for flowering.
  • Most of the vegetables and hybrid cereals are grown in the zaid season.
  • Major crops: Paddy, corn; pumpkin, cucumber, tomato; almonds, peanuts, cashews; Gram, lentils, etc.
  • Cultivation areas in India: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Zaid crop is significant for farmers as it gives fast cash to the farmers and is also known as a gap-filler between two chief crops, Kharif and Rabi.