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Tiger Orchids

Tiger Orchids:

Tiger Orchids (Grammatophyllum speciosum) bloom at the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI), Palode, Kerala.

  • Tiger orchid is the largest orchid species in the world.
  • It is called Tiger Orchid because of its splendid flowers which sport striking brown spots against a yellow backdrop, bringing to mind tigers.
  • After 8-12 years of growth, Grammatophyllum speciosum produces flowers in alternate years in its natural habitat.
  • It is often grown as an ornamental orchid in gardens and parks for its attractive foliage and large flowers.
  • It flowers in January or July, but plants do not flower every year.
  • The plant was listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s tallest orchid, with specimens recorded up to 7.62 metres in height
  • Distribution: Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar and Laos.
  • They grow in Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Freshwater Swamp Forest, Riverine) habitats.
  • Preferred Climate Zone: Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal.
  • Conservation status
    • CITES : Appendix II