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World Thyroid Day 2024

World Thyroid Day 2024:

World Thyroid Day is observed annually on May 25th to raise awareness about the thyroid gland and the various conditions that affect it.

  • The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple.
  • It’s a part of your endocrine system and controls many of your body’s important functions by producing and releasing thyroid hormones, like thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
  • These hormones affect every cell in the body.
  • They support the rate at which the body uses fats and carbohydrates.
  • They help control body temperature.
  • They have an effect on heart rate.
  • They help control how much protein the body makes.
  • Thyroid Disease is a general term for a medical condition that keeps your thyroid from making the right amount of hormones.
  • Thyroid disorders are very common and mainly occur in women, although anybody-men, teenagers, children, and babies, too, can be affected.
  • The two main types of thyroid disease are
    • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid): Not enough thyroxine is produced for the body’s needs. This is the most common thyroid disorder.
    • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid): Too much thyroxine is produced for the body’s needs.