World Tribal Day 2022:
9th August is celebrated as the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples.
- Aim: To highlight the role of indigenous people and the importance of preserving their rights, communities and knowledge they gathered and passed down over centuries.
- Theme: “The Role of Indigenous Women in the Preservation and Transmission of Traditional Knowledge.”
- In 1994, the UNGA, passed a resolution, declaring August 9 as the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People as it was on 9th August that the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations held its first meeting.
- Taking cognisance of the knowledge acquired by indigenous people is vital culturally and also scientifically
- Understanding and preservation of indigenous languages, their spiritual practices, and philosophies can help in the conservation and upliftment of Tribals without compromising their identity.
- Status of Tribes in India: Tribal Population constitutes 8.6% (or 11 cr) of the total population (the second largest number of tribal people in any country in the world). 89.97% of them live in rural areas and 10.03% in urban areas.
- According to Lokur Committee (1965), the essential characteristics to be recognized by Scheduled Tribe are: Indication of Primitive Traits, Distinctive Culture, Shyness of Contact with the Community at Large, Geographical Isolation, Backwardness
- Constitution of India does not define the term ‘tribe’, however, the term Scheduled Tribe’ was inserted in the Constitution through Article 342 (i).