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World’s Oldest Known Fort

World’s Oldest Known Fort:

An international team of archaeologists has uncovered is believed to be the world’s oldest-known fort in a remote region of Siberia.

  • The fortified settlement, named Amnya, is located along the Amnya River in western Siberia.
  • It features around 20 scattered pit-house depressions divided into two sections, Amnya I and Amnya II.
  • Radiocarbon dating of samples collected at the site places the fort’s construction around 8,000 years ago, making it the oldest-known fort in the world.
  • This predates the prevailing notion that fortresses emerged with the advent of agriculture.
  • The study challenges stereotypes depicting early societies as basic and nomadic, revealing the capacity of these hunter-gatherers to construct intricate structures.
  • The fort’s construction suggests advanced architectural and defensive capabilities.
  • Archaeological examinations and analysis of samples indicate that the inhabitants of Western Siberia led a sophisticated lifestyle based on abundant resources from the taiga environment.
  • The site’s location provided access to fish, elk, and reindeer.
  • The researchers propose that the strategic location overlooking the river made Amnya an ideal lookout point for potential threats.
  • It would also allow the inhabitants to monitor fishing and hunting grounds.
  • While the researchers are uncertain about the motivation behind fortifying the structures, they speculate that it could have been to protect people and valuables.
  • The study does not determine whether the construction was ordered by an authority or a collaborative effort of the community.
  • The discovery challenges the traditional view that permanent settlements with defensive structures only emerged with farming societies.
  • It suggests that agriculture and animal husbandry were not prerequisites for societal complexity.