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13th Amendment To The Constitution Of Sri Lanka

13th Amendment To The Constitution Of Sri Lanka:

India’s External Affairs minister during a recent visit to Sri Lanka expressed India’s “considered view” with the Sri Lankan President that the full implementation of the 13th Amendment was “critical” for power devolution.

  • 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka is an outcome of the India-Sri Lanka Peace Accord of July 1987, signed by the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and President J.R. Jayawardene.
  • It was an attempt to resolve Sri Lanka’s ethnic conflict that had aggravated into a full-fledged civil war, between the armed forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
  • The 13th Amendment, led to the creation of Provincial Councils.
  • It assured a power sharing arrangement to enable all nine provinces in the country, including Sinhala majority areas, to self-govern.
  • Subjects such as education, health, agriculture, housing, land and police are devolved to the provincial administrations.
  • It made Tamil one of Sri Lanka’s official languages and English, a link language.
  • The amendment has never been fully implemented because of the overriding powers given to the President.