2020 Report On Medical Certification Of Cause Of Death:
According to the 2020 report on Medical Certification of Cause of Death (MCCD), the first year of Covid-19 lockdown saw the highest incidences of persons dying of respiratory illnesses in a decade.
Key Highlights of the MCCD Report:
- Total No. of Deaths: The total number of deaths, from all causes, in 2020 was 81.2 lakh.
- The report pegged India’s excess mortality for 2020 and 2021 at 47.4 lakh.
- Civil Registration System (CRS) data reported 4.75 lakh excess deaths from all causes in 2020 over 2019.
- Medically Certified Deaths: Medically Certified Deaths account for 22.5% of total registered deaths at national level but after taking into consideration any kind of medical attention received by the deceased at the time of terminal illness, it increased to 54.6%.
- Around 5.7% of total medically certified deaths have been reported in infants.
- Leading Cause-Groups of Deaths: Nine leading cause-groups of deaths constituting around 88.7%of total medically certified cause of deaths:
- Diseases of the Circulatory System (32.1%)
- Diseases of the Respiratory System (10%)
- Codes for Special Purposes – Covid-19 (8.9%)
- Certain Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (mainly consisting of septicemia and tuberculosis) (7.1%)
- Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases (5.8%)
- Injury, Poisoning and Certain other Consequences of External Causes (5.6%)
- Neoplasms (4.7%)
- Certain Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period (4.1%)
- Symptoms Signs & Abnormal Clinical Findings “Not Elsewhere Classified” (10.6%)