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Committee To Prevent Elephant Deaths On Railway Tracks

Committee To Prevent Elephant Deaths On Railway Tracks:

The Union Environment Ministry has constituted a “permanent” coordination committee that includes the Ministry of Railways and the Environment Ministry to prevent elephant deaths on railway tracks.

  • 19 elephants were killed across the country on railway tracks in 2018-19, 14 in 2019-20 and 12 in 2020-21.
  • Railway collisions were the second-largest reason for the unnatural deaths of elephants despite tracts being specifically demarcated and notified as elephant passages.

Key measures taken:

  • Setting up of a Permanent Coordination Committee between the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) and the MoEFCC for preventing elephant deaths in train accidents.
  • Clearing of vegetation along railway tracks to enable clear view for loco pilots.
  • Using signage boards at suitable points to alert loco pilots about elephant presence.
  • Moderating slopes of elevated sections of railway tracks.
  • Setting up underpass/overpass for safe passage of elephants.
  • Regulation of train speed from sunset to sunrise in vulnerable stretches.
  • Regular patrolling of vulnerable stretches of railway tracks by frontline staff of the Forest Department and wildlife watchers.

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