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Financial Grants For Biomass Pellet Manufacturing Unit

Financial Grants For Biomass Pellet Manufacturing Unit:

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) revised the financial grants for biomass pellet manufacturing units.

  • Biomass pellets are a type of renewable fuel made from organic materials such as wood, agricultural residues, and energy crops.
  • These are produced by compressing organic materials under high pressure.
  • The compression process removes the moisture content and increases the energy density of the biomass.
  • It is mandatory in India to use biomass or agricultural residue as combustion fuel along with coal in coal-fired thermal power plants.
  • The biomass used for co-combustion in the power plants is processed and refined into pellets with a calorific value comparable to coal.
  • These are two kinds
    • Torrefied: It is processed at 250-350°C in the absence of oxygen, leading to the formation of torrefied biomass.
    • Non-torrefied: In this biomass is shredded, grinded and sent to a pellet reactor, where it is compressed into pellet form with the help of binders such as sawdust, bagasse, molasses, starch and others.

Central Pollution Control Board:

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  • It was constituted under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • It is entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.