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Article 244A Of The Constitution

Article 244A Of The Constitution:

The demand for an autonomous state within Assam has been raised by some of the sections of the society in Assam under the provisions of Article 244A of the Constitution.

  • In the 1950s, a demand for a separate hill state arose around certain sections of the tribal population of undivided Assam.
    After prolonged agitations, Meghalaya gained statehood in 1972.
  • The leaders of the Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills were also part of this movement. They were given the option to stay in Assam or join Meghalaya.
  • They stayed back as the centre promised them more powers, including Article 244 (A).
  • In the 1980s, the demand for more power/autonomy took the form of a movement with a number of Karbi groups resorting to violence.
  • It soon became an armed separatist insurgency demanding full statehood.

Article 244A:

  • Article 244(A) allows for the creation of an ‘autonomous state’ within Assam in certain tribal areas.
  • It also envisages the creation of a local legislature or Council of Ministers or both to carry out local administration.
  • It was Inserted into the Constitution by the Twenty-second Constitution Amendment Act, 1969.
  • Article 244(A) accounts for more autonomous powers to tribal areas than the Sixth Schedule. Among these the most important power is the control over law and order.
  • In Autonomous Councils under the Sixth Schedule, they do not have jurisdiction of law and order.