Gajraj Suraksha : Indian Railways New Approach
Indian Railways has introduced a cutting-edge technology named ‘Gajraj’ to prevent elephant accidents on railway tracks
- Gajraj Suraksha uses an AI-based algorithm and a network of sensitive optical fibre cables to detect elephants getting close to railway tracks.
- It aims to address the issue of elephant fatalities resulting from train accidents.
- Gajraj Suraksha senses pressure waves generated by the movement of elephants along the tracks.
- As elephants move, the optical fibres detect vibrations caused by their footsteps.
- These vibrations trigger signals within the optical fibre network, enabling the system to identify the presence of elephants up to 200 metres ahead of their arrival on the track.
- The OFC-based Intrusion Detection System works by sending alarms to station masters whenever movement is detected along the tracks.
- The network is designed in such a way that it can track the movement of the elephant with great accuracy and report it to nearby station masters.
- This allows them to promptly inform locomotive drivers in the affected areas.
- This quick communication ensures that trains can be slowed down or stopped, preventing potential collisions with elephants.
- Indian Railway is planning to introduce this system in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Assam, Kerala, certain parts of Chhattisgarh, and Tamil Nadu.