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Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023

Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023:

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) released the Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023.

  • Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023 quantifies biases against women, capturing people’s attitudes toward women’s roles.
  • It tracked people’s attitudes towards women in four dimensions: political, educational, economic and physical integrity.
  • The index, covering 85 per cent of the global population, reveals that close to 9 out of 10 men and women hold fundamental biases against women.
  • Nearly 90% of people still hold at least one bias against women and 25 per cent of people believe it is justified for a man to beat his wife.
  • Countries with greater bias in gender social norms also show a lower presence of women in parliament.
  • Indigenous women, migrant women and women with disabilities have meagre political representation, demonstrating how overlapping biases can further reduce opportunities for women.
  • The recent increase in education achievements has not translated into better economic outcomes and opportunities for women.