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Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) 1

Indigenous Aircraft Carrier:

The Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) 1, which will be called INS Vikrant once it enters service with the Indian Navy, began another set of sea trials.

  • INS Vikrant is the largest and most complex warship to be built in India.

About Aircraft Carrier:

  • An aircraft carrier is “a large ship that carries military aircraft and has a long, flat surface where they take off and land.”
  • These floating air bases are equipped with a full-length flight deck capable of carrying, arming, deploying and recovering aircraft.
  • They act as command and control of a naval fleet in times of war and peace.
  • A carrier battle group consists of an aircraft carrier and its escorts, together making the group.
  • During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy was the first to assemble a large number of carriers into a single task force known as Kido Butai.
  • This task force was used during the Pearl Harbour Attack.

Aircraft Carrier in India:

  • INS Vikrant (decommissioned): Beginning with INS Vikrant which served India from 1961 to 1997.
  • India acquired the Vikrant from the United Kingdom in 1961, and the carrier played a stellar role in the 1971 war with Pakistan that led to the birth of Bangladesh.
  • In 2014, INS Vikrant, was broken down in Mumbai.
  • INS Viraat (decommissioned): INS Vikrant was followed by the Centaur-class carrier HMS (Her Majesty’s Ship) Hermes, which was rechristened in India as INS Viraat and served in the Indian Navy from 1987 to 2016.
  • INS Vikramaditya: It is the Indian Navy’s largest aircraft carrier and warship converted from the Russian Navy’s decommissioned Admiral Gorshkov/Baku.
  • INS Vikramaditya is a modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier that was commissioned into service in November 2013.
  • INS Vikrant: In order to commemorate the legacy of INS Vikrant (decommissioned), the First IAC will be named as INS Vikrant.
  • It is built at Cochin Shipyard Limited.
  • It is currently undergoing sea trials and is likely to be commissioned in 2023.
  • Its construction propelled India into a select group of countries having capabilities to build state-of-the-art aircraft carriers.
  • Operational Modalities: According to the Indian Navy, the warship will operate MiG-29K fighter jets, Kamov-31 helicopters, MH-60R multi-role helicopters and the indigenously manufactured Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH).