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Indus River Dolphin Conservation

Indus River Dolphin:

Punjab’s wildlife preservation wing has batted for conservation of Indus river dolphins and also their natural habitat.

  • The Indus river dolphin was declared the State aquatic animal of Punjab in 2019.
  • Scientific Name: Platanista gangetica minor
  • According to a recent study of South Asian river dolphins, Indus and Ganges River dolphins are not one, but two separate species.
  • Currently, they are classified as two subspecies under Platanista gangetica.
  • Like other freshwater dolphins (such as Ganges river dolphins) , the Indus river dolphin is an important indicator of the health of a river.
  • Other dolphins found in Indian waters include: Ganges River Dolphins, Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • Habitat: They can only be found in the lower parts of the Indus River in Pakistan and in River Beas, a tributary of the Indus River in Punjab, India.
  • Threats:
    • Biological Resource Use: Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources.
    • Natural System Modifications: Dams & water management/use.
  • Pollution: Domestic & urban waste water, Industrial & military effluents, Agricultural & forestry effluents.
  • Conservation Status:
    • International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN): Endangered.
    • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species(CITES): Appendix I
    • Indian Wildlife (Protection), Act 1972: Schedule I