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Informal Sector Workers In India

Informal Sector Workers In India:

According to the latest data, as many as 27.69 crore informal sector workers are registered on the e-shram portal.

  • Over 94% of 27.69 crore informal sector workers registered on the e-Shram portal have a monthly income of Rs 10,000 or below and over 74% of the enrolled workforce belongs to Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC).
  • The proportion of the General Category workers is 25.56%.
  • The data showed that 94.11% of the registered informal workers have a monthly income of Rs 10,000 or below, while 4.36% have a monthly income between Rs 10,001 and Rs 15,000.
  • 61.72% of the registered workers on the portal are of the age from 18 years to 40 years, while 22.12% are of the age from 40 years to 50 years.
  • The proportion of the registered workers aged above 50 years is 13.23% while 2.93% of workers are aged between 16 and 18 years.
  • 52.81% of registered workers are female and 47.19 % are male.
  • Top-5 States in Terms of Registration: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha.
  • Occupation Wise: Agriculture is at the top with 52.11% of enrolments done by those related to the farm sector followed by domestic and household workers at 9.93% and construction workers at 9.13%.

e-Shram Portal:

  • Launched in 2021, e-Shram portal is aimed at building a comprehensive National Database of Unorganized Workers (NDUW) in the country.
  • Aim: To register unorganised workers such as construction labourers, migrant workforce, street vendors, and domestic workers, among others.
  • The workers will be issued an e-Shram card containing a 12-digit unique number.