International Maritime Organisation:
India was re-elected to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Council with the highest tally at elections held at its Assembly in London for the 2024-25 biennium.
- International Maritime Organisation is a specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships.
- It is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping.
- Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.
- It was established as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) in 1948, became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1959 and was renamed International Maritime Organization in 1982.
- It is the highest Governing Body of the IMO. It consists of all Member States, and it meets once every two years in regular sessions.
- The Assembly is responsible for approving the work program, voting the budget and electing the Council.
- It is the Executive Organ of the IMO and is responsible, under the Assembly, for supervising the work of the Organization.
- Funding for the organization comes from contributions by Member States, as well as voluntary donations and commercial activities.
- It currently has 175 Member States.
- Headquarters: London.