Mangarh Hillock As a Monument Of National Importance:
A report by the National Monuments Authority (NMA) called for the Mangarh hilltop in Rajasthan to be designated as a national monument in honor of 1500 Bhil tribal freedom fighters.
Monuments of National Importance:
- National ancient Monuments are defined under the Ancient Monument and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,1958.
- The Act defines Ancient Monument as any structure or monument or any cave, rock sculpture, an inscription that is of historical, or archaeological interest.
- The Central Government is authorised to maintain, protect and promote the monuments.
- The hillock, situated at the Gujarat-Rajasthan border, is a site of a tribal uprising where a massacre of over 1500 Bhil tribal freedom fighters took place in 1913.
- The place is also known as the Adivasi Jallianwala, and there has been a demand to build a memorial.
- On 17th November, 1913, British forces opened fire on tribals gathered at the site who were holding a meeting in protest, led by a leader from the community Govind Guru, killing over 1,500.