Maoist Attack In Sukma:
A team of security forces was attacked by a People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA) unit in the Tarrem area near the Sukma-Bijapur district border, Chhattisgarh. Several security personnel were killed and many were injured.
- PLGA was founded in 2000.
- It has been declared as a terrorist organisation and banned under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act-1967 (UAPA).
- Located in the southern tip of the state of Chhattisgarh, the district was carved out of Dantewada in the year 2012.
- It is covered with the semi-tropical forest and is a mainland of tribal community Gond.
- One major river that flows through the district is Sabari (a tributary of Godavari river).
- Over a few decades, this region has become a fostering ground for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) activities.
- Uneven terrains and the tricky geographic locations made this region a safer hideout for the LWE activists.
Left-Wing Extremism in India:
- Left-wing extremists, popularly known as Maoists worldwide and as Naxalites in India.
- The term Naxalism derives its name from the village Naxalbari of West Bengal. It originated as a rebellion against local landlords who bashed a peasant over a land dispute.
- The rebellion was initiated in 1967, with the objective of rightful redistribution of the land to working peasants under the leadership of Kanu Sanyal and Jagan Santhal.
- The movement has spread across Eastern India in less developed areas of states such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh.
- It is considered that Naxals support Maoist political sentiments and ideology.
- Maoism is a form of communism developed by Mao Tse Tung. It is a doctrine to capture State power through a combination of armed insurgency, mass mobilization, and strategic alliances.