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National Epilepsy Day 2023

National Epilepsy Day 2023:

National Epilepsy Day is celebrated every year in India on 17th November to raise awareness about the brain disorder and bust myths surrounding the disease.

  • Epilepsy is a brain disorder that can cause seizures due to abnormal brain activity or temporary changes in the brain’s electrical functioning.
  • The brain produces orderly electrical impulses along nerve cell networks, but in epilepsy, this balance is disrupted thus it impacts consciousness, movements, or sensations.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 50 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy and India accounts for nearly 10-20% of the global burden of epilepsy.
  • Epileptic seizures are broadly categorized into focal and generalized seizures based on the location of abnormal brain activity.
  • Focal seizures may cause brief emotional changes, involuntary movements, and symptoms like dizziness.
  • Generalized seizures present varied symptoms including staring, muscle jerking, loss of control, twitches, and sudden loss of consciousness.
  • Every year the second Monday of February is observed as International Epilepsy Day.