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New Excavations At Delhi’s Purana Qila

New Excavations At Delhi’s Purana Qila:

New excavations at Delhi’s Purana Qila (Old Fort) have uncovered evidence of a pre-Mauryan era settlement.

  • The ongoing excavation aims to establish a complete chronology of the site and provide further insights into the ancient city of Indraprastha.
  • The site is considered significant as it may have been the location of Indraprastha mentioned in the Mahabharat.
  • The findings include pottery shards dating back to around 1200 BC to 600 BC, a 2,500-year-old ring well from the Mauryan era, and a four-room complex believed to be 2,300 years old.
  • Nine cultural levels, representing different historical periods including the pre-Mauryan period
  • The excavations have also revealed coins, seals, and other artefacts, indicating the site’s role as a trade centre.
  • The stone image of Vaikuntha Vishnu, a terracotta plaque of Gaja Laxmi, a stone image of Ganesha, terracotta figurines of humans and animals, beads of various stones, a bone needle etc.
  • Purana Qila is the oldest fort in Delhi, located on the banks of the Yamuna River.
  • It is believed to have been built by the Pandavas for their kingdom Indraprastha.
  • Mughal Influence Renovated by Emperor Humayun in 1533, it took five years to complete.
  • Dinpanah The fort was constructed within Dinpanah, a small city in Delhi.
  • Sher Shah Suri’s Reign Sher Shah Suri captured the fort in 1540 and made several additions, naming it Shergarh.