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Policy For Use Of Land Acquired Under CBA Act, 1957

Policy For Use Of Land Acquired Under CBA Act, 1957:

The Union Cabinet has approved the policy for use of land acquired under the Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition & Development) Act, 1957 [CBA Act].

  • The policy provides for utilisation of such land for the purpose of development and setting up of infrastructure relating to coal and energy.

The CBA Act, 1957:

  • The Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957 provides for the acquisition of land containing or likely to contain coal deposits and for matters connected therewith.
  • Under the provisions of this Act, the land is acquired for Government Companies only for coal mining and activities strictly incidental to mining purposes.
  • For other requirements, like permanent infrastructure, offices, residence etc. the land is acquired under Land Acquisition Act, 1894.
  • Mining rights and surface rights of a single patch of land may not be acquired under different Acts.

Provisions of the Proposed Policy:

  • The policy provides clear policy framework for utilisation of following types of lands acquired under the CBA Act:
    • Lands no longer suitable or economically viable for coal mining activities; or
    • Lands from which coal has been mined out / de-coaled and such land has been reclaimed.
  • Coal India Ltd. (CIL) will Remain Owner of the Land:
    • The Government coal companies, such as Coal India Ltd. (CIL) and its subsidiaries shall remain owners of these lands acquired under the CBA Act.
  • Leasing of Land for Specified Period:
    • The Government company which owns the land would lease such land for a specific period given under the policy.
    • The entities for leasing shall be selected through a transparent, fair and competitive bid process and mechanism in order to achieve optimal value.
    • The lands will be considered for activities such as setting up washeries, coal gasification and coal-to-chemical plants and to set up or provide for energy-related infrastructure.