Russia As a “State Sponsor Of Terrorism”:
Ukraine has requested US to designate Russia as a “state sponsor of terrorism”.
- The designation would activate perhaps the harshest suite of sanctions available with the US against Russia.
- The US Secretary of State (the minister primarily in charge of foreign relations) has the power to designate countries that “have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism” as “State Sponsors of Terrorism”.
- The US can place four categories of sanctions on countries that are on this list:
- Restrictions on US foreign assistance
- A ban on defence exports and sales
- Certain controls over exports of dual use items
- Miscellaneous financial and other restrictions
- Sanctions can also be placed on countries and persons that engage in certain trade with designated countries.
- As of now, there are four countries on the list of state sponsors of terrorism.
- Syria (Designated on 29th December 1979)
- Iran (Designated on 19th January 1984),
- North Korea (Designated on 20th November 2017).
- Cuba was re-designated as a state sponsor of terrorism on 12th January 2021