Unemployment In India:
The unemployment rate saw a decrease of 0.6% and fell to 4.2% in 2020-21, compared with 4.8% in 2019-20, according to the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for 2020-21 released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
- This means that only 4.2% of adults who looked for jobs could not get any work in rural and urban areas of the country in 2020-21.
- Rural areas recorded an unemployment rate of 3.3% and urban areas 6.7%.
- The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), the percentage of persons in the labour force (that is, working or seeking work or available for work) in the population, was 41.6% during 2020-21. It was 40.1% in the previous year.
- The Worker Population Ratio (WPR) was 39.8%, an increase from 38.2% of the previous year.
- The WPR is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population.
- Migrants are defined in the survey as a household member whose last usual place of residence, at any time in the past, was different from the present place of enumeration. The migration rate, according to the survey, is 28.9%.
- The migration rate among women was 48% and 47.8% in rural and urban areas, respectively.