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Urban Planning Reforms: NITI Aayog

Urban Planning Reforms: NITI Aayog:

NITI Aayog has launched the report titled ‘Reforms in Urban Planning Capacity in India

  • India’s population stood at 1210 million in 2011, with an urbanisation level of 31.1% (Census of India 2011).
  • Urbanisation is an increase in the number of people living in towns and cities.
  • The distribution of urban centres and the pace of urbanisation is not uniform across the country.
  • Over 75% of the urban population of the country is in 10 States: Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Kerala.
  • State-wise Scenario:
    • Above National Average: Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Gujarat have attained over 40% urbanisation.
    • Below National Average: Bihar, Odisha, Assam, and Uttar Pradesh continue to be at a lower level of urbanisation than the national average of 31.1%.
  • Union Territories: NCT of Delhi, Daman and Diu, Chandigarh, and Lakshadweep, show above 75% urbanisation.