Urban Planning Reforms: NITI Aayog:
NITI Aayog has launched the report titled ‘Reforms in Urban Planning Capacity in India
- India’s population stood at 1210 million in 2011, with an urbanisation level of 31.1% (Census of India 2011).
- Urbanisation is an increase in the number of people living in towns and cities.
- The distribution of urban centres and the pace of urbanisation is not uniform across the country.
- Over 75% of the urban population of the country is in 10 States: Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Kerala.
- State-wise Scenario:
- Above National Average: Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Gujarat have attained over 40% urbanisation.
- Below National Average: Bihar, Odisha, Assam, and Uttar Pradesh continue to be at a lower level of urbanisation than the national average of 31.1%.
- Union Territories: NCT of Delhi, Daman and Diu, Chandigarh, and Lakshadweep, show above 75% urbanisation.