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Zircon Mineral

Zircon Mineral:

The study of zircon crystals has revealed that Earth had the necessary conditions to support life much earlier than previously thought. It reveals the early interaction of water and land, challenging existing theories of a water-covered Earth.

  • Zircon is a mineral belonging to the group of nesosilicates. Its chemical name is zirconium silicate and the chemical formula is ZrSiO4.
  • Zircon crystals are notable for their high refractive indices and strong lustre.
  • They are naturally occurring in a variety of colours, including clear, green, red, yellow and brown.
  • Zircon is used for radiometric dating due to its trace uranium content, allowing precise age determination.
  • Its high resistance to weathering makes it valuable for studying sedimentary and metamorphic rock history, providing insights into geological and crustal development over billions of years.
  • Zircon grains are important for studying early Earth conditions. They can preserve isotopic signatures that provide insights into the environment and temperatures of ancient Earth.
  • Zircon crystals found in the Jack Hills in Western Australia’s Midwest can be up to 4.4 billion years old, providing insight into early Earth.
  • The study of oxygen isotopes in zircon crystals reveals the presence of fresh water and dry land on early Earth, challenging existing theories of a water-covered Earth.