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Antimicrobial-Resistant Gonorrhea Outbreak In Kenya

Antimicrobial-Resistant Gonorrhea Outbreak In Kenya:

A strand of antimicrobial-resistant gonorrhea outbreak has hit Kenya.

  • Researchers have raised alarm, warning this infection is asymptomatic in some cases and can cause significant health challenges, including permanent damage to their reproductive systems.
  • Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • It can infect both men and women and can occur in the genitals, rectum, and throat.
  • If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious health problems, including infertility and an increased risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.
  • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) to resist the effects of antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, and antiparasitics).
  • Causes:
    • Poor infection control and inadequate sanitation and hygiene.
    • Overuse of antibiotics and repeated use of poor-quality drugs.
    • Genetic mutations of the bacteria.
  • AMR increases the risk of infections spreading and becoming harder to treat, leading to prolonged illness, disability and death.
  • It also increases healthcare costs and threatens the sustainability of healthcare systems.