Arrest Warrant For War Crimes For President Vladimir Putin : ICC
The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for war crimes for President Vladimir Putin and a second Russian official.
- This is the first time that the ICC has issued an arrest warrant against one of the five permanent members of the United Nation Security Council.
- ICC issued an arrest warrant against Russian President Vladimir Putin for the alleged war crime of unlawfully deporting and transferring children from occupied areas of Ukraine to the Russian Federation.
International Criminal Court (ICC):
- It is an international organisation and international tribunal.
- It is headquartered in the Hague.
- The Court’s founding treaty, called the Rome Statute.
- India is not a party to Rome Statute along with US and China.
- It grants the ICC jurisdiction over four main crimes.
- First, the crime of genocide is characterised by the specific intent to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial or religious group by killing its members or by other means: causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group.
- Second, the ICC can prosecute crimes against humanity, which are serious violations committed as part of a large-scale attack against any civilian population.
- Third, war crimes are grave breaches of the Geneva conventions in the context of armed conflict.
- The fourth includes crime falling within the ICC’s jurisdiction is the crime of aggression.