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ICC Investigations Into Israel-Palestine War Crimes

ICC Investigations Into Israel-Palestine War Crimes:

International Criminal Court (ICC) has launched investigations into the war crimes in Palestinian territories occupied by Israel (West Bank and the Gaza Strip).

  • The decision for investigation is taken after a recent ruling that the court’s jurisdiction extends to territories occupied by Israel since the 1967 Six-day Arab- Israeli war.
  • In this war, Israeli forces seized the Golan Heights from Syria, the West Bank & East Jerusalem from Jordan and Sinai Peninsula & Gaza strip from Egypt.
  • The investigation is also expected to cover the 2014 Gaza war, the 2018 Gaza border clashes, and Israeli settlement-building in the West Bank.
  • The inquiry will also look at whether rocket fire by Hamas and other groups from Gaza amounts to war crimes.

About ICC:

  • Governed by an international treaty called ‘The Rome Statute’, the ICC is the world’s first permanent international criminal court.
  • Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands.
  • It investigates and, where warranted, tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and the crime of aggression.
  • Through international criminal justice, ICC aims to hold those responsible for their crimes and to help prevent these crimes from happening again.
  • India is not a party to Rome Statute along with the USA and China.