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Buxa Tiger Reserve

Buxa Tiger Reserve:

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has taken Suo-motu cognisance of a report on the mowing down of three elephants by a goods train at Buxa Tiger Reserve.

  • Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in the Alipurduar sub-division of the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal.
  • Its northern boundary runs along the international border with Bhutan.
  • The Sinchula hill range lies all along the northern side of BTR, and the eastern boundary touches that of Assam State.
  • It got its name from Buxa Fort, which is located on the Sinchula Range at an altitude of 867 metres.
  • The fragile “Terai Ecosystem” constitutes a part of this reserve.
  • It serves as an international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan.
  • Two rivers, namely the River Raidak and the River Jayanti, flow through the forest of Buxa.
  • The forests of the reserve can be broadly classified as the ‘Moist Tropical Forest’ of Champion and Seth’s (1968) recent classification.
  • Some of the important species are Sal, Champa, Gamar, Simul, and Chikrasi.
  • The main species include the Tiger, elephant, leopard cat, gaur, wild boar, sambar, hog deer, Chinese pangolin, etc.