Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA).:
The Supreme Court has directed the States/UTs to take stringent action against private individuals and NGOs who invite people to illegally adopt children orphaned by the COVID-19 pandemic. It said that it was illegal to invite strangers to adopt children without the involvement of the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA).
- Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is the nodal body for the adoption of Indian children. CARA primarily deals with the adoption of orphan, abandoned, and surrendered children through its associated /recognized adoption agencies.
- It regulates in-country and inter-country adoptions (in accordance with the provisions of The Hague Convention on Inter-Country Adoption, 1993, ratified by the Government of India in 2003).
- Status: It is an autonomous and statutory body of the Union Women and Child Development Ministry.
- The mandatory registration of CCIs and linking to CARA has been provided in the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
- It was set up in 1990.
- In 2018, CARA has allowed individuals in a live-in relationship to adopt children from and within India.
- HQ: New Delhi.