Coal Gasification Plant : Jindal Steel & Power Limited
Jindal Steel & Power Limited (JSPL) has plans of setting up a coal gasification plant — the second in the country — at its Raigarh plant in Chhattisgarh.
- India is committed to cut consumption of coal, a primary pollutant, in power plants to half by 2030 and reduce its overall carbon footprint.
- Coal gasification is considered a greener alternative to burning the fossil fuel in furnaces.
- Coal gasification is the process of producing syngas, a mixture consisting of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2), natural gas (CH4), and water vapour (H2O).
- During gasification, coal is blown with oxygen and steam while also being heated under high pressure.
- During the reaction, oxygen and water molecules oxidize the coal and produce syngas.
- Transporting gas is a lot cheaper than transporting coal.
- Help address local pollution problems.
- Has greater efficiency than conventional coal-burning because it can effectively use the gases twice: the coal gases are first cleansed of impurities and fired in a turbine to generate electricity.
- The exhaust heat from the gas turbine can be captured and used to generate steam for a steam turbine-generator.