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Commissions Of Inquiry Act, 1952

The Commissions Of Inquiry Act, 1952:

The West Bengal government has set up a Commission of Inquiry (Lokur Commission), under the 1952 Act, to look into the alleged surveillance of phones using the Pegasus spyware developed by the Israeli cyber-intelligence company NSO Group.

  • The Commission will look into the alleged breach of privacy of several individuals.
  • While both central and state governments can set up such Commissions of Inquiry, states are restricted by subject matters that they are empowered to legislate upon.
  • If the central government set up the commission first, then states cannot set up a parallel commission on the same subject matter without the approval of the Centre.
  • But if a state has appointed a Commission, then the Centre can appoint another on the same subject if it is of the opinion that the scope of the inquiry should be extended to two or more states.

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