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Delimitation In Four North-East States

Delimitation In Four North-East States:

Supreme Court issues notice on the plea seeking delimitation in Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur.

  • As per section 8A of RPA 1950, President can order delimitation exercises in these four states.
  • However, no such exercise has taken place in these four states in the last 51 years due to various concerns.
  • Previous order for delimitation (in 2020) was limited to J&K only.
  • Delimitation literally means the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a state that has a legislative body.
  • Delimitation commission orders have the force of law and they cannot be challenged before any court.
  • According to the Delimitation Commission Act, 2002, the Delimitation Commission will have three members: a serving or retired judge of the Supreme Court as the chairperson, and the Chief Election Commissioner or Election Commissioner nominated by the CEC and the State Election Commissioner as ex-officio members.
  • Under Article 82, the Parliament enacts a Delimitation Act after every Census.
  • Under Article 170, States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per the Delimitation Act after every Census.