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DNA And Face Matching Systems At Police Stations

DNA And Face Matching Systems At Police Stations:

Over a year after Parliament passed the Criminal Procedure Identification Act (CrPI), 2022; the Centre is preparing to introduce ‘DNA and Face Matching’ systems in 1,300 police stations nationwide, despite the Act’s provisions not yet being fully implemented.

  • The Indian government is set to implement the “DNA and Face Matching” systems at 1,300 police stations across the country under the Criminal Procedure Identification Act 2022 (CrPI) (the Act replaced the 100-year-old Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920, expanding the scope to capture additional data)
  • Facial Recognition System in Policing Facial recognition systems identify and measure facial features to verify individuals from images or video frames.
  • Various police departments in India, such as TSCOP and CCTNS (Telangana), PAIS (Punjab), Trinetra (UP), Police Artificial Intelligence System (Uttarakhand), and AFRS (Delhi), have implemented facial recognition technology systems.

Criminal Procedure Identification Act :

  • The Criminal Procedure Identification Act (CrPI) was passed in 2022, granting police and Central investigating agencies the authority to collect, store, and analyze physical and biological samples, including retina and iris scans of arrested individuals.
  • Integration with National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS) NAFIS, managed by the NCRB, is integrated into the CrPI Act’s implementation. NAFIS contains fingerprint data for over 1 crore people, including accused and convicts, and is accessible at approximately 1,300 police stations nationwide.
  • Nodal Agency : The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is assigned with finalising the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
  • It will boost law enforcement efficiency by quickening criminal investigations, reducing crime, and maintaining order.
  • It will ease daily tasks, employ Big Data for crime trends, provide real-time access via smartphone apps, and enhance public-police interaction, offering digital services like online grievance submissions for citizens’ convenience (e.g., Punjab Police’s SAANJH)