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Four-Horned Antelope

Four-Horned Antelope:

A rare four-horned antelope has been sighted for the first time in Veerangana Durgavati Tiger Reserve (Sagar district), which was earlier known as Nauradehi Sanctuary.

  • Four-Horned Antelope also called Chousingha, is a small bovid antelope.
  • They are the smallest antelopes found in Asia.
  • Scientific Name: Tetracerus quadricornis
  • It is endemic to India and Nepal.
  • In India, they range from the foothills of the Himalayas in the north to the Deccan Plateau in the south.
  • They mostly occur in open, dry, deciduous forests in hilly terrain.
  • They inhabit areas with significant cover from grasses or heavy undergrowth, and close to water bodies.
  • They have a yellowish-brown to reddish coat and are slender, with small legs and a short tail.
  • These antelopes have four horns, which distinguish them from most other bovids, which have two horns.
  • Only males in this species grow horns. One pair of horns is located between the ears, and the other on the forehead.
  • They are usually diurnal and solitary by nature; however, can be spotted in loose groups of three to four.
  • Conservation Status: IUCN Red List: Vulnerable