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High-Grade Lithium Discovered In Nigeria

High-Grade Lithium Discovered In Nigeria:

High-grade Lithium has been discovered in Nigeria.

  • Greenbushes mine in Western Australia is the largest hard-rock Lithium mine in the world.
  • The largest importers of lithium are South Korea, China, Japan, US and Belgium.
  • Lithium is an element and in nature tends to concentrate sufficiently in the two minerals, spodumene and lepidolite.
  • They are usually found in specialised rocks called rareCand greisens.
  • The Geological Agency described lithium as high grade because it is found with 1-13% oxide content. Normally exploration begins at levels as low as 0.4%.
  • Grade (in %) is a measure of the concentration of lithium in the minerals and or rocks that contain it.
  • Therefore, the higher the grade the more the economic viability. Higher grades are very rare for metals like lithium.
  • Lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5) is a chemical compound that is a glass ceramic.
  • It is widely used as a dental ceramic due to its strength, machinability and translucency.
  • Lithium metal is used to make useful alloys.
  • For example, with lead to make ‘white metal’ bearings for motor engines, with aluminium to make aircraft parts, and with magnesium to make Armour plates.
  • Lithium is used in rechargeable batteries for mobile phones, laptops, digital cameras and electric vehicles.

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