Hyderabad: Center For The Fourth Industrial Revolution
The World Economic Forum (WEF) has chosen Hyderabad, Telangana for establishing its Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (C4IR).
- The C4IR Telangana will be an autonomous, non-profit organisation with a thematic focus on healthcare and life sciences.
- It is characterised by the use of technology to blur the boundaries between the digital, physical, and biological worlds, and is driven by data.
- Key technologies include cloud computing, big data, autonomous robots, cybersecurity, simulation, additive manufacturing, and the internet of things (IoT).
- The term 4IR was coined by Klaus Schwab, executive chairperson of the WEF, in 2016.
- The pacemaker is a near-perfect example of the ongoing fourth industrial revolution (4IR).
- The four wireless sensors of the pacemaker monitor vitals such as temperature, oxygen levels and the heart’s electrical activity.
- The device then analyses the vitals and decides when to pace the heart and at what rate.
- Doctors can wirelessly access the information on a tablet or smartphone.
- Xenobots, which are less than a millimetre long, are known to be the first living robot, were created in 2020 from the stem cells of the African clawed frog and can be programmed using artificial intelligence.
- It has a reproductive ability demonstrated in October 2021 by a team of US scientists.
- When the researchers put the xenobots into a petri dish, they were able to gather hundreds of tiny stem cells inside their mouths and create new xenobots a few days later.
- Once perfected, xenobots could be useful for tasks like cleaning up microplastics and regrowing or replacing dead cells and tissues inside human bodies.
- The sensors monitor odour levels in railway toilets, check if the doors are safely closed, avoid fire outbreaks and stop unauthorised travel using CCTV cameras with face recognition capabilities, among other technologies.