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Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary : Elephants Died Of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia

Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary:

Six elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary located in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.

  • Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is a disease which infects animals that come in contact with contaminated water or soil by contagious bacteria (Pasteurella multocida).
  • In this disease the respiratory tract and lungs of the animals are affected, leading to severe pneumonia.
  • It mainly affects water buffalo, cattle and bison with a high mortality rate in infected animals.
  • Recently, around 40 buffaloes had succumbed to the infection in Odisha’s Kendrapara.
  • The disease generally spreads in the period right before and after the monsoons.

Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • It is spread over 175 square kilometre area in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
  • Vegetation: Dry Deciduous Forest.
  • Fauna: Mammals: Elephant, Leopard, Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, Indian wolf, Malabar giant squirrel, Pangolin, etc.
  • Birds: Peacock, Hornbill, Red jungle fowl, etc.
  • Reptilians: Mugger, crocodile, monitor lizard etc.
  • Flora: Sal, Bija, Bamboo, medicinal plants, etc.
  • Water Body: Phurlijharan waterfall is located within the sanctuary.