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Lumpy Skin Disease

Lumpy Skin Disease:

Around 1,229 cattle across five districts of Gujarat have been infected with Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD).

Lumpy Skin Disease:

  • LSD is caused by infection of cattle or water buffalo with the poxvirus Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV).
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The mortality rate is less than 10%.
  • Lumpy skin disease was first seen as an epidemic in Zambia in 1929. Initially, it was thought to be the result of either poisoning or hypersensitivity to insect bites.
  • Lumpy skin disease is primarily spread between animals by biting insects (vectors), such as mosquitoes and biting flies.
  • Symptoms:
    • It primarily consists of fever, fluid excretion from eyes and nose, dribbling of saliva from the mouth and blisters on the body.
    • The animal stops eating and faces problems while chewing or eating, resulting in reduced milk production.
  • Prevention and Treatment:
    • Vaccination against these diseases is covered under the Livestock Health and Disease Control Programme of India.
    • There are no specific antiviral drugs available for the treatment of lumpy skin disease.
    • The only treatment available is supportive care of cattle.
    • This can include treatment of skin lesions using wound care sprays and the use of antibiotics to prevent secondary skin infections and pneumonia.

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