Mars 2020 Mission:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA’s) Perseverance Rover has landed on Mars.
- This was one of the most crucial aspects of the Mars 2020 Mission.
- The mission is designed to better understand the geology of Mars and seek signs of ancient life.
- Assess ancient habitability.
- Demonstrate technology for future robotic and human exploration.
- Duration: At least one Mars year (about 687 Earth days).
- Perseverance is the most advanced, most expensive, and most sophisticated mobile laboratory sent to Mars.
- It is different from previous missions because it is capable of drilling and collecting core samples of the most promising rocks and soils, and setting them aside in a “cache” on the surface of Mars.
- Launch: 30th July 2020
- Landing: 18th February 2021
- Landing Site: Jezero Crater (an ancient river delta that has rocks and minerals that could only form in water).