National Quantum Mission:
The Union Cabinet recently approved the ₹6,003 crore National Quantum Mission (NQM).
- National Quantum Mission (NQM) will fund research and development of quantum computing technology and associated applications.
- The mission will have defined milestones that are expected to be achieved over the course of eight years (2023-24 to 2030-31).
- India is the sixth country to have a dedicated quantum mission after the US, Austria, Finland, France and China.
- Four thematic hubs, or T-Hubs, with a focus on quantum computing, communication, sensing and metrology, and materials and devices will be established in India’s leading academic and national R&D institutes.
- Create intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50-1000 qubits in the next eight years.
- Establish satellite-based secure quantum communications between ground stations within India, as well as with other countries, covering a range of 2000 km.
- It will look to provide inter-city quantum key distribution over 2000 km.
- Multi-node quantum network with quantum memories.
- Help to advance atomic technology with highly sensitive magnetometers and precision atomic clocks that serve communication, navigation, and timing.
- Aid in designing and synthesising quantum materials, including superconductors, novel semiconductor structures, and topological materials for the fabrication of quantum devices.
- It is an area of computer science focused on the development of technologies based on the principles of quantum theory.
- It uses the unique behaviours of quantum physics to solve problems that are too complex for classical computing.