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Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome : High Alert In Japan

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome : High Alert In Japan

Japan’s health officials are on high alert because the number of Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) cases has increased significantly.

  • STSS is a serious illness that usually ends in death.
  • So far this year, on June 2, 977 cases have been reported, more than the 941 cases reported all last year.
  • Because of this scary number, health officials and doctors are working extra hard to stop and understand how quickly this is spreading.
  • Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) is a disease brought on by group A Streptococcus bacteria infections.
  • When these bacteria get into deep tissue or the bloodstream, they release strong toxins that cause a severe inflammatory reaction that quickly affects many organs.
  • Most people don’t get this disease, and big risk factors include skin wounds and other health problems that lower immunity.

Symptoms of STSS:

  • Within 24 to 48 hours, STSS symptoms start quickly and are very bad.
  • They start with fever, chills, and muscle pain and then move on to nausea and vomiting.
  • It gets so bad that low blood pressure, a fast heart rate, fast breathing, and the loss of multiple organs happen.
  • For kids, the bacteria can cause strep throat, but for adults, it can lead to more serious health problems like major limb pain, tissue death, and organ failure.