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World Rhino Day 2023

World Rhino Day 2023:

World Rhino Day is observed on 22nd September.

  • World Rhino Day 2023 observed on 22th September.
  • Objective is to spread awareness for all five species of rhino and the work being done to save them.
  • It was first announced by WWF-South Africa in 2010.
  • This special day provides the opportunity for cause-related organizations, NGOs, zoos, and members of the public to celebrate rhinos in their own unique ways.
  • The scientific name and conservation status of the five species are: –
    • Javan Rhinos (Rhinoceros sondaicus): Critically Endangered
    • Sumatran rhinos (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis): Critically Endangered
    • Black rhinos (Diceros bicornis): Critically Endangered
    • White rhinos (Ceratotherium simum): Near Threatened (Southern white rhino)
    • Greater One-Horned Rhinos (Rhinoceros unicornis): Vulnerable

Indian One-Horned Rhino:-

  • The greater one-horned rhino (or “Indian rhino”) is the largest of the rhino species.
  • Distribution: Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Assam, India.
  • The greater one-horned rhino is identified by a single black horn about 8-25 inches long and a grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives it an armour-plated appearance.
  • The species is solitary, except when adult males or rhinos nearing adulthood gather at wallows or to graze.
  • Conservation Status:-
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
    • CITES: Appendix-I
    • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.