World Rhino Day 2023:
World Rhino Day is observed on 22nd September.
- World Rhino Day 2023 observed on 22th September.
- Objective is to spread awareness for all five species of rhino and the work being done to save them.
- It was first announced by WWF-South Africa in 2010.
- This special day provides the opportunity for cause-related organizations, NGOs, zoos, and members of the public to celebrate rhinos in their own unique ways.
- The scientific name and conservation status of the five species are: –
- Javan Rhinos (Rhinoceros sondaicus): Critically Endangered
- Sumatran rhinos (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis): Critically Endangered
- Black rhinos (Diceros bicornis): Critically Endangered
- White rhinos (Ceratotherium simum): Near Threatened (Southern white rhino)
- Greater One-Horned Rhinos (Rhinoceros unicornis): Vulnerable
Indian One-Horned Rhino:-
- The greater one-horned rhino (or “Indian rhino”) is the largest of the rhino species.
- Distribution: Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Assam, India.
- The greater one-horned rhino is identified by a single black horn about 8-25 inches long and a grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives it an armour-plated appearance.
- The species is solitary, except when adult males or rhinos nearing adulthood gather at wallows or to graze.
- Conservation Status:-
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
- CITES: Appendix-I
- Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.